Diyotima Ray

5 Essential Skills Every Back-End Developer Should Have

A backend developer needs knowledge of programming languages like Python, Java, and more. They must understand database management systems and web frameworks.
Table of contentS


Becoming a back-end developer is easier than it seems. Anyone can acquire the skills and experience to get a potential job in this field.

Backend development is creating website features that a user can interact with indirectly. The primary focus of backend developers is to make the website actionable without any issues. They are responsible for retaining the APIs, servers, backend logic, and databases. 

Web development comprises front-end development and back-end development. Even though these two are different, they are a part of website creation. You will need to learn different skills for each one of them. 

Backend developer skills include knowledge of programming languages, web frameworks, tools, and more. Now, finding a suitable online course to become a backend developer is convenient. 

Man working on a PC

Source: Pexels

What Is Backend Development? 

Backend development is producing the structure of a website or an application. It allows users to use the front-end features and requests without any interruptions. Unlike front-end development, you cannot see anything that goes behind all this. 

Backend development involves programming languages, codes, web frameworks, and related tools to build the website's structure. Without them, it is impossible to create an interactive site or application.  

You should focus on building some backend developer skills to make a career in this field. Let's discuss every skill in detail. 

Running a code

Source: Pexels

What Skills Do You Need To Become A Backend Developer? 

You can begin your journey of becoming a backend developer by acquiring the following skills. 

Backend programming languages 

Programming languages are significant in backend development. There are some specific ones that every beginner should learn in detail. These include Python, Java, PHP, Ruby, and .NET. You can read the following information regarding each language. 

  • Java: Java is considered the most crucial programming language for web development, including front-end and back-end. This language is known for its high-quality features, convenience, and safety. 

As a beginner developer, you can quickly comprehend the basic things about Java and improve your performance. It is beneficial for developers to carry out various tasks related to backend development, like database connection, networking, and more. 

Learning Java seems complicated because many beginners complain about it being a complex language. However, if you have chosen a professional course, you won't have to struggle. You must first clear your basics and then move on to advanced things. 

  • Python: Everybody knows the importance of Python in backend development. It has gained much popularity in the world of web development. There are various reasons why learning this language is one of the essential backend developer skills. 

You can perform a lot of activities regarding web projects by using Python. Many recognized companies have used Python to create the entire infrastructure of their websites and platforms due to this reason. 

The best part about Python is that it is a beginner-friendly language. Quick learners won't take much time to understand this straightforward language. 

  • Ruby: Ruby is another programming language that plays a significant role in backend development. It makes coding more convenient than ever for developers. That is why many professionals prefer it over other programming languages. 

You can use Ruby to transform complex things into simpler ones. As a result, you can build the entire website structure quickly. It is also beneficial to use for mobile applications. 

  • PHP: PHP is a well-known programming language for creating high-powered websites. These sites have more complex infrastructure than traditional ones. If you have detailed knowledge of PHP, you won't experience issues in the development process. It is a straightforward programming language that beginners can quickly learn. 

Managing Databases

Databases are an essential part of every website. They store the data and content of the web server, which in turn helps store the information precisely. Web developer skills also include learning various database management systems to build an effective structure of a website or an application. 

Databases are of two kinds- SQL and NoSQL. Both of them have different purposes for a website. SQL databases include data that are related to each other. NoSQL databases are responsible for handling JSON and XML.  

Understanding APIs 

In backend development, you must also understand the APIs (Application Programming Interface). These help in smooth interaction between two software applications. Hence, transferring and retrieving data becomes possible with them. 

HTTP methods like GET, DELETE, PUT, AND POST contributes to enabling communication. 

Developers have to create APIs by using programming languages. That is why backend developer skills include learning them. 

Learning About The Servers 

As a backend developer, you must have extensive knowledge of the servers. Servers receive all the files of a website and application. It is impossible to use a website or application without a server. 

Backend developers should also learn about servers like Apache, Microsoft IIS, Nginx, etc., to avoid problems when building the structure. 


Source: Pexels


People willing to perform better in their careers should focus on building their problem-solving skills. These skills are essential for a backend developer too. Why? Because they experience various problems throughout the creation process. Resolving them is only possible for brilliant problem-solvers. 

Also, backend developers usually collaborate with various professionals like web developers, software developers, front-end developers, etc. So, they need to come up with different solutions. 

Final Thoughts 

Backend development is a suitable career for tech enthusiasts. To become a successful backend developer, you must know the required skills. You can either take a short-term course or a degree in the subject. Once you acquire the required backend developer skills, you can land the high-paying job of your dreams. 


What are the essential backend developer skills?

The essential backend developer skills include knowledge of various programming languages, servers, APIs, databases, and problem-solving.

How to start learning backend developer skills? 

You can start learning backend developer skills in different ways. Getting a degree or doing a course is the first step to success. It is always better to learn the basics initially. 

Diyotima Ray

Subscribe to newsletter

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.